Large eddy simulation of flow in porous media: Analysis of the commutation error of the double-averaged equations


The continuum approach employing porous media models is a robust and efficient solution method in the area of the simulation of fixed-bed reactors. This paper applies the double-averaging methodology to refine the continuum approach, opening a way to alleviate its main limitations: space-invariant averaging volume and inaccurate treatment of the porous/fluid interface. The averaging operator is recast as a general space–time filter allowing for the analysis of commutation errors in a classic large eddy simulation (LES) formalism. An explicit filtering framework has been implemented to carry out an a posteriori evaluation of the unclosed terms appearing in the double-averaged Navier–Stokes (DANS) equations, also considering a space-varying filter width. Two resolved simulations have been performed. First, the flow around a single, stationary particle has been used to validate derived equations and the filtering procedure. Second, an LES of the turbulent flow in a channel partly occupied with a porous medium has been realized and filtered. The commutation error at the porous–fluid interface has been evaluated and compared to the prediction of two models. The significance of the commutation error terms is also discussed and assessed. Finally, the solver for DANS equations has been developed and used to simulate both of the studied geometries. The magnitude of the error associated with neglecting the commutation errors has been investigated, and an LES simulation combined with a porous drag model was performed. Very encouraging results have been obtained indicating that the inaccuracy of the drag closure overshadows the error related to the commutation of operators.

In Physics of Fluids
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Mohammed Sayyari
Mohammed Sayyari
Postdoctoral Research Associate

Mohammed is a systems thinker. His Mathematical interests are in Numerical Analysis and Modeling of Evolutionary PDEs. His Scientific interests are in the advancement of accurate, efficient, economic and enviromentally friendly technologies.